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Sometimes STD’s are deceptive, an infected person could appear normal with no signs or symptoms of any disease condition, but they are highly infective and will transmit the disease they harbor to their partner during unprotected sex.
Some of the causes of sexually transmitted diseases include bacteria, fungus, viruses, protozoa, and even parasites like pubic lice and scabies. Some of the bread and butter std’s include Gonorrhea, herpes, syphilis, Chlamydia and of course HIV.

The best way to keep one safe is by prevention. The use of condoms, abstinence, one partner etc, annual medical checkup; are some of the best practices to keep these bugs at an arm’s length.

The bugs are getting more resistant to medication as the days go by, and there is a strain of gonorrhea that is untreatable so far and it is spreading. Read more below

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Untreatable gonorrhoea spreading around world: WHO
By Kate Kelland, Reuters

LONDON (Reuters) - Drug-resistant strains of gonorrhoea have spread to countries across the world, the U.N. health agency said on Wednesday, and millions of patients may run out of treatment options unless doctors catch and treat cases earlier.

Scientists reported last year finding a "superbug" gonorrhoea strain in Japan that is resistant to all recommended antibiotics and warned then that it could transform a once easily treatable infection into a global health threat.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) said those fears are now reality, with many more countries around the world, including Australia, France, Norway, Sweden and Britain, reporting cases of the sexually transmitted disease resistant to cephalosporin antibiotics - normally the last option for drugs against gonorrhoea.

"Gonorrhoea is becoming a major public health challenge," said Manjula Lusti-Narasimhan, from the WHO's department of reproductive health and research.

"We are very concerned about recent reports of treatment failure from the last effective treatment option - the class of cephalosporin antibiotics," she added. "If gonococcal infections become untreatable, the health implications are significant."

Gonorrhoea is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection which, if left untreated, can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, stillbirths, severe eye infections in babies, and infertility in both men and women.

It is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the world and is most prevalent in south and southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. In the United States alone, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the number of cases is estimated at around 700,000 a year.

The WHO called for greater vigilance on the correct use of antibiotics and more research into alternative treatments for so-called gonococcal infections.

The emergence of drug-resistant or superbug strains of gonorrhoea is caused by unregulated access to and overuse of antibiotics, which helps fuel natural genetic mutations within the bacteria.

Experts say an added problem with gonorrhoea is that its strains tend to retain their genetic resistance to previous antibiotics even after their use has been discontinued.


The United Nations' health agency said it does not yet how far or wide drug resistance in gonorrhoea has spread, as many countries lack reliable data. But it put the number of people who have contracted it in the millions.

"The available data only shows the tip of the iceberg," said Lusti-Narasimhan. "Without adequate surveillance we won't know the extent of resistance to gonorrhoea and without research into new antimicrobial agents, there could soon be no effective treatment for patients."

Experts say the best way to reduce the risk of even greater resistance developing - beyond the urgent need to develop effective new drugs - is to treat gonorrhoea with combinations of two or more types of antibiotic at the same time.

This technique is used in the treatment of some other infections like tuberculosis in an attempt to make it more difficult for the bacteria to learn how to conquer the drugs.

Gonorrhoea can be prevented through safer sexual intercourse. The WHO said early detection and prompt treatment, including of sexual partners, is essential to control sexually transmitted infections.

Untreatable gonorrhoea spreading around world: WHO
Be vigilant, practice safe sex and educate yourself about the signs and symptoms of std's.

Prevention is always preffered, but if you know the symptoms and seek treatment early in the duration of the disease, for you and your partner, damage and stigma attached to these diseases could be avoided.